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Galaxy groups and clusters

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See also

  • Dark matter
  • Galaxy
  • Gravity
  • Milky Way
  • Star

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Groups & Clusters of Galaxies. Chandra X-ray Observatory, NASA. Retrieved February 18, 2009.
  2. ↑ G.M. Voit, Tracing cosmic evolution with clusters of galaxies. Reviews of Modern Physics, 77(1): 207-258.
  3. ↑ J.R. Brownstein and J.W. Moffat, 2006, Galaxy Cluster Masses Without Non-Baryonic Dark Matter. Mon.Not.Roy.Astron.Soc. 367:527-540. Retrieved February 9, 2009.
  4. ↑ A. Biviano, 2000, From Messier to Abell: 200 Year of Science with Galaxy Clusters. IAP 2000 meeting, Paris, July 2000. Retrieved February 9, 2009.

References

  • Binney, James, and Michael Merrifield. 1998. Galactic Astronomy. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691004021.
  • Dickinson, Terence. 2004. The Universe and Beyond. 4th ed. Firefly Books Ltd. ISBN 1552979016.
  • Kuhn, Karl F., and Theo Koupelis. 2004. In Quest of the Universe. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. ISBN 0763708100.
  • Sparke, L.S., and J.S. Gallagher III. 2000. Galaxies in the Universe: An Introduction. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521597044.

External links

All links retrieved May 18, 2017.

  • Groups and Clusters of Galaxies - Chandra X-ray Observatory. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.
  • Galaxy Clusters and Large-Scale Structure - Cambridge Cosmology: Galaxies.
  • Galaxy Cluster Mug Shots.
  • Dwarf Irregulars and Galaxy Clusters - The Hubble Heritage Project.
  • Oldest, most distant galaxy clusters found - Associated Press, Jan. 5, 2004. MSNBC.
  • Oldest Galaxy Cluster Found - Schilling, G. April 12, 2002. Science Now.

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